Craniopharyngioma is a type of brain tumor derived from pituitary gland embryonic tissue, that occurs most commonly in children but also in men and women in their 50s and 60s. People may present with bitemporal inferior quadrantanopia leading to bitemporal hemianopsia, as the tumor may compress the optic chiasm.

A craniopharyngioma is a noncancerous (benign) tumor that develops at the base of the brain near the pituitary gland (a small endocrine gland).Craniopharyngioma tumours are a rare type of brain tumour most often diagnosed in children, teenagers and young adults.

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