Bleeding from the uterus between menstrual periods is called metrorrhagia. This is a common problem, especially for teenagers and women nearing menopau

There are many reasons why women may have metrorrhagia.

They are:

  • hormone imbalance (the imbalance is sometimes caused by improper use of hormone medicine, such as birth control pills)
  • polyps, which are growths on the cervix (the opening of the uterus) or inside the uterus; polyps are usually noncancerous
  • fibroids, which are noncancerous growths in the uterus
  • infection or inflammation of the uterus, cervix, or vagina
  • erosion of the cervix (loss of the surface skin of the cervix)
  • use of an IUD (intrauterine device) or birth control pills
  • endometriosis (uterine tissue growing outside the uterus)
  • adhesions (scar tissue) inside the uterus
  • dry vaginal walls from decreased estrogen after menopause
  • chronic medical problems (for example, thyroid problems, diabetes, and blood-clotting problems)
  • some medicines, such as blood thinners
  • stress
  • cancer of the cervix or other parts of the uterus and vagina
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